Collisions between protons and lead ions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) have produced surprising behavior in some of the particles created by the collisions. The new observation suggests the collisions may have produced a new type of matter known as color-glass condensate, according to MIT research.
Hoping to expand our understanding of auroras and other fleeting atmospheric events, a team of space-weather researchers designed and built NORUSCA II, a new camera with unprecedented capabilities that can simultaneously image multiple spectral bands, in essence different wavelengths or colors, of light.
Art historians and scientists have completed an international research project to trace the origins of four previously misattributed paintings. The two year study traced the paintings, which were previously thought to be by Hieronymus Bosch and Pieter Bruegel the Elder, back to workshops in 16th-century Antwerp.
From creation to development and delivery, the new software simplifies the entire process, enabling organizations to reduce costs, address compliance and regulatory requirements and ultimately get innovative products to market quickly. From cars to surgical robots, everyday products and systems are becoming more sophisticated due in part to an infusion of software.
A group of researchers has devised and demonstrated a highly unusual, compact and relatively inexpensive X-ray source for an imaging system that may soon be employed to produce the kind of "molecular movies" that scientists and engineers need.
SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource will play a central role in three research projects that seek cheaper materials and manufacturing techniques for solar panels. The studies are aimed at improving an ink jet-like printing technique for producing flexible solar paneling, making thin-film solar panels more efficient and understanding structural changes in solar panel components that are heated during manufacturing.
Research demonstrates that ultrashort, ultrabright X-ray laser pulses can reveal details of chemically important molecules at room temperature and in their natural state. The technique could aid studies of photosynthesis and industrial catalysts, and opens the door to development of other analytic tools.
NASA is tackling the harmful radiation problem with a renewed focus on understanding it in space environments. The Advanced Neutron Spectrometer, or ANS, is an instrument designed to do just this. By monitoring neutrons, researchers aim to build a new tool to protect astronauts as they explore new destinations.
Glycopolymer technology is opening up a myriad of new opportunities for disease therapy. European research is investigating novel production strategies for polymers to bring about more efficient targeted drug delivery. Wbawba scientists developed a new rapid online polymerization monitoring technique.
Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have developed an ultra-sensitive method for detecting sugar molecules– or glycans– coming from living organisms, a breakthrough that will make possible a more detailed understanding of cellular functions than either genetic or proteomic (the study of proteins) information can provide.
A new high-tech instrument with 24 robotic arms has crossed the Atlantic from Edinburgh to a mountain top in Chile to address in more detail than ever before, some of the key questions surrounding the beginnings of the Universe, stars and galaxies.
The results of new research has shed light on the manufacture of Mamluk-enameled glass and provided unknown information on these rare, fragile and valuable artifacts. The analysis was made possible by the use of a non-invasive, mobile technique: Raman spectroscopy.
Cancer, food pathogens and biosecurity threats can all be detected using a sensing technique called surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). To meet ever-increasing demands in sensitivity, however, signals from molecules of these agents require massive enhancement, and current SERS sensors require optimization.
One of the key achievements of the nanotechnology era is the development of manufacturing technologies that can fabricate nanostructures formed from multiple materials. Such nanometer-scale integration of composite materials has enabled innovations in electronic devices, solar cells, and medical diagnostics.
The most likely source of the water locked inside soils on the moon's surface is the constant stream of charged particles from the sun known as the solar wind. Over the last five years, spacecraft observations and new lab measurements of Apollo lunar samples have overturned the long-held belief that the moon is bone-dry.